V2L: What is it and what are its benefits ?


V2L: Probably the two most basic components of any electric vehicle powertrain are batteries and motors. In normal operation, batteries power the motors, allowing the vehicle to run.


When the car is parked or sitting idle, however, the battery is not used. Recently, EV manufacturers have begun to think about how these batteries can be effective in such situations.

One of the results of this thinking is the introduction of vehicle-to-vehicle (also known as V2L) functionality in some recently launched EVs. Simply put, this feature allows large electric car batteries to power something outside the car, such as a home appliance.

Benefits and what to look for

Perhaps the most obvious practical advantage of V2L technology is that it makes amazing camping trips possible.

With an electric SUV fitted with V2L technology, for example, it would be theoretically possible to drive off-road in remote camping locations, and then pull energy from the car battery to use everyday equipment such as a coffee machine, microwave or a coffee machine. An electric pump to inflate an air mattress.


V2L functionality can also benefit in more severe situations, including rescue and relief efforts during natural disasters or other crises.


Mitsubishi, for example, used V2L technology in well-equipped i-MiEV vehicles as a source of backup power after the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami, and recently in Indonesia to get mobile refrigeration equipment to deliver the Covid-1 vaccine in remote areas.

When buying an EV that claims to give V2L functionality, it is important to look for the actual wattage (electrical power) that the car can output and the specific adapters or other special equipment that may be needed to connect the car to 240V daily. Devices that use standard three-pin plugs.

Hyundai’s recently launched Ioniq 5, for example, has V2L functionality with an output wattage of 3.6kW. It’s enough to get everything from a sandwich press to a laptop and includes an adapter with the Hyundai car.

One end of the adapter is plugged into the car’s charge port, and the other end has a female three-pin socket for plugging in the equipment. See Paul explaining it above.

Other EVs may have a lower output wattage or may not be integrated with a similar adapter that can be used to easily connect equipment or devices to a car battery.

For example, the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle), optionally available in specific markets with a 1.5 kW ‘AC power feeder’ that can be used to power other devices.

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